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Indicators for species diversity

The BioBio species diversity indicators operate at local to intermediate scales and cover the four major ecological functions which are relevant for farming: Primary production (plants), degradation of organic material (earthworms), pollination (wild bees and bumblebees), predation (spiders). The emphasis on invertebrates, in addition to vascular plants, reflects the contribution of invertebrates to overall species diversity, arthropods alone making up about 65% of the species number of all multicellular organisms. Moreover, they are relatively easy to monitor, provide relevant information on general environmental conditions, include emblematic species, react quickly to environmental changes, and substantial datasets are available in various European countries.


Plants: Vascular Plants
Download indicator factsheet

Bees: Wild Bees and Bumblebees
Download indicator factsheet

Spiders: Spiders
Download indicator factsheet

Earthworms: Earthworms
Download indicator factsheet

Last change: 09.11.2012, 12:28 h | Contents (sitemap) | Imprint and legal notices

Project coordination

Felix Herzog: Tel. +41 44 377 74 45
Susanne Riedel: Tel. +41 44 377 75 76



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Species diversity indicators