Indicators for genetic diversity
Genetic variability is the basis of life. Farmers and breeders have developed a multitude of crop varieties and animal breeds to suit their needs, and to stabilise and increase productivity. Information on livestock breeds and crop cultivars used on each farm was tested as a surrogate for genetic diversity. These tools are very simple, addressing neither diversity on the gene level nor environmental influence. Molecular genetic methods are technologically demanding, expensive, and require further development for general application. Therefore, three simple indicators based on crop-cultivar and livestock-breed information collected in farmer interviews are proposed to assess genetic resources of crops and livestock.
Breeds: Number and Amount of Different Breeds. Download indicator factsheet
CultDiv: Cultivar Diversity. Download indicator factsheet
CropOrig: Origin of Crops. Download indicator factsheet